During wet-weather events, impervious areas on developed land generate polluted runoff, and local governments need to spend money to clean it up. A property owner pays a water bill that covers municipal costs to provide potable water, including the costs of building out and maintaining underground infrastructure. Similarly, private property owners must also contribute to the cost of managing the pollution and flood risk created by the impervious areas they own.
In order to provide revenue to fund the costs associated with a stormwater management program, there is hereby established a stormwater management fee. All revenues collected from the stormwater management fee shall be deposited to the stormwater management fund. In 1991, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed regulations to help curb pollution from stormwater runoff. Contamination can result from exposure of materials such as chemicals, dirt, debris, fuels, raw materials, fertilizers, pesticides, and animal wastes. Under this regulation, municipalities and "urbanized areas" of less than 100,000 in population were regulated by what is called the Phase II Stormwater Program. This permit (the second permit was finalized in November of 2015) requires the development and implementation of educational. operating and maintenance of a program to control stormwater pollution through: 1. Public Education and Outreach: 2. Public Participation and Involvement; 3. Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination; 4. Construction Site Run-Off Control 5. Post-Construction Management; and 6. Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations. The requirements of the Phase II Stormwater Management Program is federally and state mandated but not funded. The Stormwater Utility Fee was implemented to covers our requirements.